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Insigna de absolvent al Şcolii Superioare de Război

 

Military Academy Graduation Badge

 

The badge was issued to officers upon graduation from the Military Academy. It had a shape of a lesser coat of arms of the Kingdom of Romania, i.e. golden eagle (or Aquila) holding cross in a beak as well as sword and mace in its claws. A shield representing historical regions of Romania with a superimposed coat of arms of the reigning Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen family is placed on a chest of an eagle.

Aquila itself was framed by a wreath made of laurel (left side) and oak (right side) leaves and tied at its base by a ribbon tie. An eagle is topped by a royal crown.

Officers graduated with honors degree were decorated with a special version of the badge that was almost gilt except central escutcheon and inner details of a crown that remained red.

The badge measured 45-48x70-76 mm depending on a manufacturer.

As the Military Academy Graduation Badge was manufactured in three countries – Romania itself, Czechoslovakia and Austrian Republic – it led to numerous varieties of the decoration. Therefore period badges differ in size as mentioned above; metal used for production (silver, bronze); design of various elements (e.g. location of a royal crown); type of reverse pin (hollow, wide and flat); presence or absence of hallmarks and serial numbers, etc.

The badge was worn attached by a pin and catching hook either on the right breast pocket of a tunic or above it. Sometimes it was attached extremely high nearly next to the shoulder strap.

Military Academy Graduation Badge was issued since 1931 until the abolishment of the monarchy on December 30, 1947.

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Here's a text of a new material that I prepared recently for the Romanian awards database :flag_ro:

 

And here are several questions:

1. Is Romanian name of a badge correct?

2. What was the correct complete name of a Romanian Military Academy that issued those badges? I came across several variants, e.g. Military Academy of a General Staff of Romanian Army, Carol I Military High School, etc. Which one is correct?

3. I assume the badge was instituted in 1931. Am I right?

4. Any estimation of the number of awards?

 

Any further additions to the article as well as corrections are highly appreciated!

Thanks in advance!

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Hello Andrew,

the article is OK! :good:

I didn't get any answer on the Romanian forum yet, this is why I will answer your questions myself. :d_book: :mail1:

 

1. the correct name is: „Insigna de ofițer brevetat de stat major, md.1931.”

2. the correct complete name is: „Şcoala Superioară de Război”

3. yes, 1931

4. I have no idea on the number of awards between 1931 and 1947, but between 1889-1939: 1592 officers graduated from „Şcoala Superioară de Război”.

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Mircea, many thanks for the info you provided! I already made necessary additions to the text but I still have question regarding an exact name of the badge: Insigna de ofițer brevetat de stat major means that officers graduated from the Academy of General Staff, am I right? So Şcoala Superioară de Război was an Academy of General staff then?

What kind of badge was issued to officers before 1931?

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Insigna de ofițer brevetat de stat major means that officers graduated from the Academy of General Staff, am I right?

 

Yes.

 

So Şcoala Superioară de Război was an Academy of General staff then?

 

Yes.

 

1889, 8/20 august – În conformitate cu prevederile Înaltului Decret nr.2073/1889, este Înfiinţată Şcoala Superioară de Război, având rolul de a forma

ofiţerii de stat major.

Translation (Google translator): "1889, 8/20 August - According to Decree nr.2073/1889 High is established War College, serving to form staff officers."

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Insigna de ofițer brevetat de stat major means that officers graduated from the Academy of General Staff, am I right?
No, it means that the officer was „licensed” (brevetat) as an General Staff officer because he graduated from „Higher School of War” (Şcoala Superioară de Război), basically the officer was trained to become an General Staff officer.

 

So Şcoala Superioară de Război was an Academy of General staff then?

Yes and no, „Şcoala Superioară de Război” means „Higher School of War”, as I said above, the ones that graduated were trained to become General Staff officers.

 

What kind of badge was issued to officers before 1931?
I have no idea.
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The article is OK, only the translation is in my opinion not so good.

The only official name of the badge is: „Insigna de ofițer brevetat de stat major, md.1931.” translation: ”M1931 badge of licensed General Staff officer”.

 

Military Academy (Academia Militară - Porunca Domneasca a domnitorului Gheorghe Bibescu nr. 36 din 13 iunie 1847)

Higher School of War (Școala Superioară de Război - Înaltul Decret nr.2073/ 8 august 1889)

 

The two institutions above are different things, the first trained officers of different specialities: infantry, cavalry, artillery, etc. and the latter trained officers to become General Staff officers.

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Mircea, thanks for explanation!

I will make necessary corrections and update an article very soon.

The only question is - am I right assuming that not all the graduates of Scoala Superioara entered General Staff? Some of them did but the rest returned to their previous units though with an elite certificate?

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  • 4 weeks later...
  • 4 months later...

Андрей, доброго времени суток!

Я только недавно прочел приглашение,т.к. практически весь год посвятил ремонту акромиально-ключичного сочленения (три операции, последняя из которых в прошлый четверг).

Мне интересно было бы поговорить о базе данных, т.к. в свое время я уже это все (показанное здесь) делал на русском (впрочем, я это уже увидел в описании). Какой вы видите базу данных и ее структуру?

На сколько помню, на Ваших ресурсах модераторов не было... Тогда как удобнее общаться - прямо здесь по всем вопросам?

Edited by nasa_astronaut
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Максим, прежде всего, желаю скорейшей реабилитации после сложных операций!

Что касается обсуждения - без проблем, можно и здесь, можно в личку.

Насчет базы данных - структура уже в принципе сформирована, вы ее, должно быть, уже видели на сайте. Отдельный блок по наградам и знакам, отдельный - по униформе. Нельзя объять необъятное, тем более в одиночку, поэтому я обращаюсь за помощью к нашему румынскому коллеге Мирче, который очень помогает в поиске информации в источниках на румынском языке и исправлении неточностей. Я же веду поиск информации в англоязычных книгах и в некоторых имеющихся у меня оригинальных изданиях на румынском языке. Потом мы обсуждаем, я правлю текст, и в итоге размещаю материалы на сайте.

А у Вас есть какие-то готовые материалы по румынским наградам и элементам униформы? Если Вы готовы поделиться, было бы замечательно. Размещу с указанием Вашего имени) Пару материалов по наградам Ватикана я подобным образом подготовил, но пока еще не размещал.

Так что с удовольствием выслушаю все Ваши предложения и с признательностью приму посильную помощь!

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