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The next article for the Romanian Uniform section will be dedicated to the Border Guards ceremonial headgear.

 

Could you please look at the draft and make corrections and additions. Many thanks for your help in advance!

 

Border Guards helmets (1930-1941)

 

Officers and other ranks of the Romanian Border Guards wore ceremonial helmets resembling German Imperial spiked helmets (Pickelhauben), popular distinctive headgear that influenced many uniformed military and paramilitary organizations all over the world, mainly but not only in Europe.

The body of a Romanian Border Guards helmet was made of hardened leather painted in dark green color. Two visors, front and rear, remained glossy black and were reinforced with polished metal trims. A decorative crest is fixed at the top of a helmet from the rear while an eagle with spread wings is attached closer to the front portion. Both crest and eagle were made either of aluminum or alpaca, a type of silver-colored metal alloy containing copper, zinc, nickel and tin. The latter was used due to its corrosion resistant composition, visual similarity to silver (but lighter in weight and harder) and lack of necessity to lacquer. An eagle was attached by screws situated below tail feathers.

Like a German spiked helmet Romanian Border Guards helmet also had two round cockades in national colors, i.e. blue, white and red behind a chinstrap attached to both sides of a body. That chinstrap was made of brass-colored metal for officers and of leather for other ranks.

The ornamental frontal plate in silver metal represented monogram of the ruling Romanian monarch, Carol II (08.06.1930-06.09.1940): two interlaced letters “C” within a metal rim topped with a crown.

Interior of helmets had leather headband and liner.

Helmets described above were worn from 1930 until April 1941.

 

post-1-0-12608000-1342891489.jpg

 

Ceremonial helmet with different frontal plate insignia was worn by the 1st Border Guards regiment. According to the Royal decree No.333 issued on February 05, 1932 that elite unit was granted with special distinctive plate to be fixed on front of a helmet. It represented an intricate monogram of Carol II topped with a crown.

 

post-1-0-90443100-1342891501.jpg

 

post-1-0-15675500-1342891547.jpg

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Andrew, the article is OK, only the last part is wrong, the green helmet you posted above, with the eagle, was worn only by the ”1st Guard Border Guard Regiment” (which was granted ”Guard” status by Royal Decree 333/ 5 February 1932).

The other Border Guard Regiments (2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th, 6th, 7th and 8th by 1931) wore ”normal” black spike helmets.

 

See here for more info: http://www.traditia-militara.ro/index.php?article=12&language=en

See here the ”normal” black spike helmets: http://www.traditia-militara.ro/img/articles/c563e03d0f.JPG

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Mircea, I'm not sure if I understood you correctly. Am I right assuming that:

The second helmet (with intricate monogram) was worn by the 1st Guard Border Guard Regiment since 05.02.1932.

The first helmet (with round "CC") was worn by the 1st Border Guard Regiment personnel before being conferred Guard status, i.e. before 05.02.1932?

So that means only one regiment wore those green helmets?

By the way could you please provide me with correct Romanian names of those regiments (before and after receiving Guard status)?

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Yes, as far as I know, only the ”1st Guard Border Guard Regiment” (Regimentul 1 Grăniceri Gardă) wore the ”green” helmets, I don't know what is the difference between the monograms.

The names of the regiments were:

1912-1932: Regimentul 1 Grăniceri (1st Border Guard Regiment)

1932: Regimentul 1 Grăniceri Gardă (1st Guard Border Guard Regiment)

 

I will ask on the Romanian forum what is the difference between the monograms.

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Andrew, I just got answer on the Romanian forum.

 

The situation is as followed:

- all eight Border Guard Regiments wore the green helmet with eagle.

- the problem is: it is not sure when the green helmet was introduced, some sources indicate 1934 (Uniform Regulation from 4 July 1934), but it is possible that it was introduced somewhere between 1932 and 1934, because the Uniform Regulation from 7 November 1930 said the Border Guard Regiments wore ”normal” black spike helmets.

 

- the difference between the the monograms is:

- the helmet with intricate monogram was worn by the 1st Guard Border Guard Regiment possibly since 05.02.1932, or since 10.05.1933 when King Carol II becomes ”owner and honorary commander” of the 1st Guard Border Guard Regiment.

- the helmet with round "CC" was worn by all other Border Guard Regiments (2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th, 6th, 7th and 8th).

 

PS. if something is not clear, please ask me and I will do my best to explain.

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Andrew, I received additional information on another forum.

 

The situation is as followed:

- the ”normal” black spike helmets with the monogram of King Carol I were introduced by ”Înalt Decret 3510/ 19 Iulie 1912”.

 

- the intricate monogram of King Carol II was introduced by ”Decret Regal 333/ 05 Februarie 1932” only for the 1st Guard Border Guard Regiment when this regiment was granted ”Guard” status.

 

- the green helmet with eagle was introduced by ”Înalt Decret 1984/ 04 Aprilie 1934” and worn until 1941 when it was disbanded by ”Ordinul General nr.7/ 04 Aprilie 1941” given by Marshal Ion Antonescu.

- the helmet with intricate monogram was worn by the 1st Guard Border Guard Regiment.

- the helmet with round "CC" was worn by all other Border Guard Regiments (2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th, 6th, 7th and 8th).

 

- although it is not sure, the green helmet with eagle was reinstated by an Order of the Ministry of Defence, at the beginning of 1945.

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Thanks a lot, my friend!

By the way could you please give me a link to a high resolution colour photo of a "black" spiked helmet with Carol I monogram?

 

Is this timeframe correct:

 

Înalt Decret 3510/19 Iulie 1912: black leather spiked helmets for all eight regiments

Decret Regal 333/05 Februarie 1932: green helmet with eagle and intrictae Carol II monogram for 1st Guard Border Guards Regiment ONLY, regiments 2-7 continued to wear black spiked helmets

Înalt Decret 1984/04 Aprilie 1934: green helmet with eagle and two round C monogram for remaining seven Border Guards regiments

 

That means that line Border Guards regiments (Nos.2-7) wore black leather helmets from 1912 to 1934 and 1st regiment from 1912 to 1932?

 

Here is stated that 1st Border Guards Regiment received ceremonial helmets in 1930!

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Here's an updated draft for a future article that might need corrections (depending on your answer to my question in the previous post).

 

 

Romanian Border Guards helmets (1932-1941)

 

According to the Royal decree No.3510 issued on July 19, 1912 (Înalt Decret 3510/19 Iulie 1912) military personnel of Romanian Border Guards regiments (Regimentul Grăniceri) wore black leather spiked helmets resembling German Imperial Pickelhauben, popular distinctive headgear that influenced many uniformed military and paramilitary organizations all over the world, mainly but not only in Europe. Romanian spiked helmets had frontal plates with the king Carol I monogram, i.e. two interlaced letters “C” (ƆC)

An idea to change those obsolete spiked helmets to modern headgear was implemented twenty years later.

According to the Royal decree No.333 issued on February 05, 1932 (Decret Regal 333/05 Februarie 1932) the 1st Border Guards regiment (Regimentul 1 Grăniceri) was granted Guard status being renamed to the 1st Guard Border Guards regiment (Regimentul 1 Grăniceri Gardă) and received distinctive ceremonial helmet of absolutely different design.

The regiment itself got it name on April 01, 1912 according to the Law for reorganization of the Border Guards Corps. Thus the Border Guards Battalion Bucharest gained regimental status.

The body of the newly introduced helmet was made of hardened leather painted in dark green color. Two visors, front and rear, remained glossy black and were reinforced with polished metal trims. A decorative crest is fixed at the top of a helmet from the rear by means of four rivets while an eagle with spread wings is attached closer to the front portion. Both crest and eagle were made either of aluminum or alpaca, a type of silver-colored metal alloy containing copper, zinc, nickel and tin. The latter was used due to its corrosion resistant composition, visual similarity to silver (but lighter in weight and harder) and lack of necessity to lacquer. An eagle was attached by screws situated below tail feathers.

Like a German spiked helmet Romanian Border Guards helmet also had two round cockades in national colors, i.e. blue, yellow and red behind a chinstrap attached to both sides of a body. That chinstrap was made of brass-colored metal for officers and of leather for other ranks.

Interior of helmets had leather headband and liner.

A special distinctive plate was fixed on front of a helmet: an intricate monogram of the ruling Romanian monarch, Carol II (08.06.1930-06.09.1940) topped with a crown. Moreover, on May 10, 1933 the king himself was appointed a royal patron and an honorary commander of the 1st Guard Border Guards regiment.

Royal decree No.1984 issued on April 04, 1934 (Înalt Decret 1984/04 Aprilie 1934) introduced nearly the same green leather helmet to military personnel of seven remaining Border Guards regiments (Nos.2-8) whose officers and other ranks continued to wear black spiked helmets up to that moment.

The only difference between those helmets and headgear worn by the 1st Guard Border Guards regiment was the type of frontal plates. Unlike the latter the ornamental frontal plate of seven Border Guards regiments was made in silver metal and represented rather simplified monogram of Carol I (sic!) in shape of two interlaced letters “C” (ƆC) within a metal rim topped with a crown.

Those distinctive green helmets were worn by the 1st Guard Border Guards regiment and seven Border Guards regiments until April 1941 when a General Order No.7 signed by Marshal Ion Antonescu on April 04, 1941 (Ordinul General nr.7/04 Aprilie 1941) discontinued their further usage. It is said that Border Guards helmets were reintroduced at the beginning of 1945 by an order of the Ministry of Defence.

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Almost good Andrew, just some changes: :mail1: :wacko2:

 

- Înalt Decret 3510/ 19 Iulie 1912: black spike helmets with the monogram of King Carol I for all eight regiments.

- Decret Regal 333/ 05 Februarie 1932: black spike helmets with intricate monogram of King Carol II only for the 1st Guard Border Guard Regiment (this is only theoretically, because we don't have photo evidence), black spike helmets with the monogram of King Carol I worn by all other Border Guard Regiments (2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th, 6th, 7th and 8th).

 

- Înalt Decret 1984/ 04 Aprilie 1934: green helmet with eagle, helmet with intricate monogram was worn by the 1st Guard Border Guard Regiment, helmet with round "CC" was worn by all other Border Guard Regiments (2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th, 6th, 7th and 8th).

 

- Ordinul General nr.7/ 04 Aprilie 1941: disbanded green helmet with eagle.

- Order of the Ministry of Defence, at the beginning of 1945: reinstated green helmet with eagle.

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By the way could you please give me a link to a high resolution colour photo of a "black" spiked helmet with Carol I monogram?

Here is the only photo I have of the black spike helmet (source: artmark.ro):

 

post-15-0-86509400-1343326634_thumb.jpg

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  • 3 weeks later...

The final version of an article is ready!

 

Romanian Border Guards helmets (1932-1941)

 

According to the Royal decree No.3510 issued on July 19, 1912 (Înalt Decret 3510/19 Iulie 1912) military personnel of all the eight Romanian Border Guards regiments (Regimentul Grăniceri) wore black leather spiked helmets resembling German Imperial Pickelhauben, popular distinctive headgear that influenced many uniformed military and paramilitary organizations all over the world, mainly but not only in Europe. Romanian spiked helmets had frontal plates with the king Carol I monogram, i.e. two interlaced letters “C” (ƆC)

According to the Royal decree No.333 issued on February 05, 1932 (Decret Regal 333/05 Februarie 1932) the 1st Border Guards regiment (Regimentul 1 Grăniceri) was granted Guard status being renamed to the 1st Guard Border Guards regiment (Regimentul 1 Grăniceri Gardă) and received distinctive plate of absolutely different design. A special plate was fixed on front of a helmet: an intricate monogram of the ruling Romanian monarch, Carol II (08.06.1930-06.09.1940) topped with a crown. Seven Border Guards regiments, i.e. 2-8, still continued to wear obsolete black leather spiked helmets with the king Carol I monogram.

Moreover, on May 10, 1933 the king himself was appointed a royal patron and an honorary commander of the 1st Guard Border Guards regiment. The regiment itself got it name on April 01, 1912 according to the Law for reorganization of the Border Guards Corps. Thus the Border Guards Battalion Bucharest gained regimental status.

An idea to change those obsolete spiked helmets to modern headgear was implemented more than twenty years later: the Royal decree No.1984 issued on April 04, 1934 (Înalt Decret 1984/04 Aprilie 1934) introduced new helmets of a different shape and design.

The body of the newly introduced helmet was made of hardened leather painted in dark green color. Two visors, front and rear, remained glossy black and were reinforced with polished metal trims. A decorative crest is fixed at the top of a helmet from the rear by means of four rivets while an eagle with spread wings is attached closer to the front portion. Both crest and eagle were made either of aluminum or alpaca, a type of silver-colored metal alloy containing copper, zinc, nickel and tin. The latter was used due to its corrosion resistant composition, visual similarity to silver (but lighter in weight and harder) and lack of necessity to lacquer. An eagle was attached by screws situated below tail feathers.

Like a German spiked helmet Romanian Border Guards helmet also had two round cockades in national colors, i.e. blue, yellow and red behind a chinstrap attached to both sides of a body. That chinstrap was made of brass-colored metal for officers and of leather for other ranks.

Interior of helmets had leather headband and liner.

The only difference between helmets worn by the 1st Guard Border Guards regiment and seven Border Guards regiments personnel was the type of frontal plates. Guards still kept an intricate monogram of Carol II while seven regiments were issued with a rather simplified monogram of Carol I (sic!) in shape of two interlaced letters “C” (ƆC) within a metal rim topped with a crown.

Those distinctive green helmets were worn by the 1st Guard Border Guards regiment and seven Border Guards regiments until April 1941 when a General Order No.7 signed by Marshal Ion Antonescu on April 04, 1941 (Ordinul General Nr.7/04 Aprilie 1941) discontinued their further usage. It is said that Border Guards helmets were reintroduced at the beginning of 1945 by an order of the Ministry of Defence.

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I'm choosing now photos to illustrate this article before publishing it. Are these soldiers from Border Guards regiment? Both are wearing black spiked helmet with Carol I monogram on it. Photo No.1.

 

No, he is a rural gendarme (jandarmi rurali), I think he wears an M1893 tunic and a variation of the M1874 all metal helmet.

 

post-15-0-30104400-1346062094_thumb.jpg

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... Are these soldiers from Border Guards regiment? Both are wearing black spiked helmet with Carol I monogram on it. ...

Photo No.2.

 

Also photo no.2 is not from the Border Guards, because he wears black collar patches I think he is from Regimentul de Escortă Regală (Royal Escort Regiment) founded in 1908 (Înalt Decret Regal nr.917/ 20 martie 1908) from Divizionul de Jandarmi Călări - București (Mounted Gendarmes). He wears an M1916 greatcoat, variation of the M1874 all metal gendarmes helmet, if you post a better scan of the sword maybe I can identify it, because the scabbard is blued it may suggest the photo was taken during WW1.

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