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Австрийский региментсарцт и член Союза "Молодая Германия" (Bund Jungdeutschland)


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Уже много лет имеется в коллекции вот такая занятная и непонятная фотография.

Что можно сказать по поводу австрийца-хауптманна и парнишки рядом с ним? Полагаю, что, исходя из головного убора, парень все же немец, не австриец.

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Hello Andrew!

That´s a boy from the "Bund Jungdeutschland":

https://de.wikipedia...eutschland-Bund

Translation of Wiki:

After elements of pre-military education were integrated into general youth work in the Prussian Youth Care Decree of January 1911, Field Marshal Colmar Freiherr von der Goltz founded the Jungdeutschland-Bund as an umbrella organization of bourgeois youth organizations on the initiative of the War Ministry. The founding appeal of December 1911 stated: "We need a strong gender for the future of our people. Only a defensive youth can secure a happy future for states and nations. Von der Goltz recommended to the German parents: "Educate your children in the spirit of war and inoculate them from the earliest age with love for their fatherland, for which they may have to sacrifice themselves some day"[2].

 

Until the outbreak of the First World War in August 1914, 35 organizations with about 680,000 members joined the Jungdeutschland-Bund, including the Deutscher Pfadfinderbund and hiking, gymnastics and sports clubs. A further 62,000 belonged to groups directly affiliated to the Young Germany Federation. The member associations undertook to carry out their work according to the central guidelines of the Jungdeutschland-Bund, while the latter sought financial, personnel and organizational support for the affiliated groups. In addition, von der Goltz mobilized the expansion of sports fields through a network of friends in the various communities in order to promote not only the will of the armed forces, but also the strength of the armed forces in the sense of endurance runs and large-scale games. This also had a direct impact on the sports lessons of the Weimar period, where a change from gymnastics to sport found the necessary conditions.[3]

 

After the lost First World War, the Jundeutschland-Bund was on the verge of dissolution. The previous programme was confirmed with a narrow majority in 1920. With the new constitution adopted in 1921, an attempt was made to win over the workers' youth: By bringing together the youth of all classes, the aim was "to do its part in overcoming class differences and creating a true national community".[4] This plan failed. Even the founding of the German Young Girls Service on December 7, 1923 could not stop the strong loss of members.

 

After Rüdiger Graf von der Goltz had assumed the chairmanship in 1924, he transformed the eleven regional associations of the Young Germany Federation into independent organizations, which were united in the Arbeitsgemeinschaft der Vaterländischen Jugend (AVJ). Under Goltz's leadership, the Association of Patriotic Youth increasingly oriented itself towards right-wing extremism; Greater German, ethnic and racist ideas were taken up in the Association. This was reinforced by the inclusion of the youth organizations of the German People's Party (Hindenburg Youth) and the German National People's Party (Bismarck Youth) as well as of individual state associations of the Jungstahlhelm, Scharnhorstbund and Jungwolf.

 

In 1932 the Deutsches Jugendwerk, the umbrella organization of the National Socialist youth organizations, joined the Arbeitsgemeinschaft der Vaterländischen Jugend. After the seizure of power in 1933, the Association of Patriotic Youth was integrated into the German Youth Work by the Reichsjugendführer Baldur von Schirach and thus dissolved de jure.

 

Translated with www.DeepL.com/Translator

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Edited by FAR43
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Гауптман в форме не ранее 1917 года (вертикальные полоски на воротнике). Судя по рожку на повседневном офицерском кепи мирного времени (sic!), он из егерского батальона или пехотного полка ландвера (хотя номера не видно, но вряд ли там орел императорских егерей). Награжден «Крестом военных заслуг с Мечами», «Медалью военных заслуг на ленте Креста военных заслуг», «Войсковым крестом императора Карла» и «Почетным отличием Красного Креста 2-й степени».

 

Сочетание награды Красного Креста с кепи мирного времени и офицерской саблей, отмененной на фронте еще в 1914 году, заставляют предположить, что перед нами военный врач.

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Гауптман в форме не ранее 1917 года (вертикальные полоски на воротнике).

Сочетание награды Красного Креста с кепи мирного времени и офицерской саблей, отмененной на фронте еще в 1914 году, заставляют предположить, что перед нами военный врач.

 

Как правильно в австрийской армии именовался военврач в ранге хауптманна? В Германии это был бы не хауптманн, а штабсарцт.

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Не знаю! :)

 

Гауптманы (ротмистры) 1-го и 2-го класса различались тем, что первые закончили Военную школу и благодаря этому могли продвигаться дальше по служебной лестнице — в штаб-офицеры или, даже, генералы. Логично предположить, что у военных врачей также была похожая система.

 

Например, военный врач ВМФ А-В украинец Ярослав Окуневский во время ПМВ возглавлял всю военно-морскую медицину в звании вице-адмирал-штабсарцт — наивысшее звание для медика ВМФ.

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