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Просто показать. Мало кто знает, мало кто видел.

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  • 2 weeks later...

Wow! I really had no idea White Russian forces were trained in the UK. Fantastic photographs!


I have done a bit of research, and discovered a number of interesting links and newspaper articles, which I have transcribed . . .





Cambridge Daily News (Monday, 2nd June, 1919, p3)




800 In Khaki at Newmarket.


A Russian officers' camp has been established at Newmarket. Close on 300 officers, nearly all young men, are now in the camp, at which Colonel Thomson is the officer commanding.


On reaching camp each officer is provided with complete khaki uniform of British officers' pattern. Several wear Russian military decorations. They are frequently seen in the town, und each carries an official document in English stating that he is a Russian officer, and asking the public to assist him in any way necessary. According to report, about 800 in all are going to Newmarket.


The camp formerly accommodated two officers’ cadet battalions. and is one of the most complete and best laid-out hutment camps in England. The Russians are apparently liberated prisoners of war from Germany for the most part, though some may be officers who have escaped from the Bolsheviks. Nothing appears be known yet by the camp authorities as to War Office plans regarding the officers.





Evening Telegraph and Post (Dundee) (Monday, 2nd June, 1919, p11)




800 to Be Accommodated at Newmarket.


A Russian officers' camp has been established at Newmarket. The officers are not at present undergoing any course of training. Scarcely any of them speak English, and the British officers in charge of the camp do not speak Russian, so that training in existing circumstances is out of the question.


The Russians disembark at Folkestone, and travel down to Newmarket in small parties by ordinary trains. The varied uniforms in which they arrive attract much attention as they pass through the town in motor lorries on their way to the camp, about a mile and a half outside Newmarket. Most of them are garbed in field service uniforms of cavalry or infantry battalions; some wear cossack caps and boots, and a few arrive in civilian attire.


They are liberated prisoners of war from Germany for the most part, though some may be officers who have escaped from the Bolsheviks. Upon reaching camp they are provided with complete khaki uniforms of British officers' pattern with Sam Brown belts. Several of them wear Russian military decorations.


There are close upon 300, practically all quite men, in the camp. They receive allowances from the Government, and each carries an official document in English stating that he is a Russian officer, and asking the public to assist him in any way necessary. " Eight hundred Russian officers in all are reported coming to Newmarket.




Cambridge Daily News (Thursday, 14th August, 1919, p3)




Ten Russians Arrested on Charge of Conspiracy.




In the Commons yesterday Mr. Churchill, replying to Mr. Charles Edwards (Bedwelty, Lab.) said: There are 1,200 Russian officers being trained at Newmarket, but not all

simultaneously, and at present there are 565 in camp. No other similar camps exist in the country, the weekly cost of the camp (including the camp staff) is approximately £4 5s. per officer, inclusive of their pay at £2 10s. per week, with rations. Ten Russans, including one woman, have been arrested a charge of conspiracy in Bolshevist interests and interfering with the discipline and orderly conduct of the camp. The charge was preferred by other Russians n the camp and is being carefully investigated.


Mr. Charles Edwards: Has any authorisation been given to the right hon. gentleman to use British money for training Russian officers to fight against their own people.


Mr. Churchill: Certainly. The Cabinet authorised this expenditure in the ordinary course, subject to the vote Parliament, and we are training these officers that they may be able to take charge of Russian troops in areas for which now have responsibility, and thus enable us to leave these areas.


Captain Wedgwood Benn (Leith, L.): Is the British taxpayer being asked pay tor the training of a Russian Army be used against the Russian Government?


Mr. Churchill: The British taxpayer is training and restoring these officers, who have been released from prison camps in Germany, where they suffered great deal.


Captain Wedgwood Benn: Has an estimate for these services in detail been laid before this House, and when?


Mr. Churchill: No. I think it it is covered by the general Vote. But if my hon. and gallant friend has any doubt what the opinion of the House would be if such an estimate were put specifically before them he would perhaps take some opportunity of challenging it.


Colonel Wedgwood (Newcastle-under-Lyme, Lab.): Would the right hon. gentleman care to consider tho opinion of the country on this matter?


Mr. Churchill: The Government is as good a judge of opinion of the country as the hon. and gallant member. (Cheers and laughter.)




On Monday last the “Daily Herald” (which describes itself as a Labour organ and admits Bolshevik sympathies) had startling story "from our special correspondent” of an outbreak of Bolshevism at Newmarket camp, and the arrest 11 Russian officers and men and two women. On Tuesday the "Daily Telegraph” had a communication "from our own correspondent” to say that there was no truth whatever in the story of the arrests, and that no Russian in the camp had been under suspicion of being implicated in any Bolshevist activities.


In view of these conflicting statements we have inquired into the truth of the matter, and have found that both accounts are exaggerations.


The camp is a large one, accommodating over 1,000 Russian officers in hutments or in tents. It a model of cleanliness and order. The Russian officers are drilled Russian officers, and they enter heartily into the spirit of the camp. While they march they sing; when they are dismissed they laugh and talk in ihe happiest and friendliest manner. The C.O. in charge of the camp, Col. Thompson, is assisted by a British adjutant and a British M.O. The British soldiers serving in the camp are not, in the words of the “Daily Herald," ‘'fine, strapping young fellows of the 1916 class who have seen service abroad," but are simply Labour Corps men.


The discipline of the camp is excellent. The C.O., who has had much experience of British camps and barracks, declared that there is astonish.ng little trouble in the camp. He is loud in praise of the orderliness of the British soldier in camp, but states with the authority of experience that if he had the same number of British soldiers in camp he should expect more military “crimes" than he finds here. It is impossible to keep a thousand men in camp without some breaches of regulations, but there is less of that sort of thing in this Russian camp than in any camp he has ever previously been in. There must some breaches of regulations in large camp, and there must be some arrests. They are very few in this camp and very easily dealt with.


With regard to the stated arrest of Russian soldiers Col. Thompson was reticent. Our correspondent pointed out that the men had been marched to the railway station under arrest, so that the actual arrest was common knowledge. Col. Thompson admitted the arrest of “about ten" men and women for Bolshevik sympathies and action, but he laid especial emphasis on the purely Russian origin of the trouble. It was quite untrue to suggest that British propaganda had anything to with the trouble. It came from Russia and was confined to Russians in the camp.


And now that the men implicated have been arrested and sent away, it is believed that the trouble is at an end, and that there is not a sullen nor a discontented Russian in the camp.





Nottingham Journal & Express (Friday, 21st November, 1919, p5)






A number of Russian officers are still quartered at the hutments camp, Newmarket, but the great majority of the men (over 1,200) who have been in training there are now with the National Army in Northern Russia.


Last month a party of about 400 left for Russia. Since then there have been one or two small drafts. The British Government, besides providing the Russians with full equipment, has been issuing to each officer pay at the rate of about £2 10s. per week.





Cambridge Independent Press, Cambridgeshire Weekly News and Express (Friday, 3rd October, 1919, p5)




Young Russian Lieutenant Found Hanged.




An inquest was held by the Deputy Coroner for the County (Mr. Jasper Lyon) at Great Portland Farm, Burwell, Thursday, Sept. 25, on the body of Eugene Petroff, a second lieutenant in the Russian Army, who had been with a refugee camp.


The first witness was deceased's brother, Lieut. Boris Petroff, stationed at Newmarket, who stated that he last saw him alive on Tuesday at 6 p.m. in his hut in the camp. He was then dressing to go to Newmarket. Witness did not see him afterwards. Eugene Petroff had been abnormal in his behaviour recently owing to shell shock, and through suffering whilst a prisoner of war in Germany. He had moments when he lost his mind, and had threatened to commit suicide before. Two letters were produced in deceased's handwriting.


Walter Bladen, of Exning, a shepherd at Portland Farm, said that at 6.35 a.m. on Thursday he was in a field near a belt of wood on the farm. He heard his dog barking and went to see what was the matter in the wood, and there he saw a man hanging, dressed in khaki. Witness had no knife with which to cut him down, so ran for help at the farm, and Arthur George Hunt went with him and cut the man down. He was dead and the body was cold.


Arthur George Hunt, of Burwell, farm labourer, stated that at about 6.35 a.m. he went with the last witness, and saw a soldier hanging from a tree. Witness cut him down and found that he was dead and cold and stiff. His feet were touching the ground, his knees were bent, and he was leaning slightly to the right side.


Questioned by Supt. Winter: The rope was tied to a branch of the tree.


P.C. Horace Ray, stationed at Burwell, gave evidence that he was called to Great Portland Farm at 7.30. He arrived at 8.15 and saw deceased on the ground on his back in a belt of wood near the farm. He was stiff and cold. The cord produced was round his neck in a slip-knot, and another piece was hanging from a branch of a tree, seven feet from the ground. There were marks on the tree as though someone had been trying to climb up, and marks on the ground under the rope were made by the deceased's toes. There were two letters in his possession, but they were not written in English. A watch produced had stopped at 10.5.


The Coroner returned a verdict of "Suicide whilst of unsound mind.”


Capt. C. Shutt acted as interpreter during the inquiry.





The Cornishman and Cornish Telegraph (Wednesday, 22nd October, 1919, p6)


Most of the Russian officers who have been in training at a camp in Newmarket left for Leith on Thursday night, on their way back to Russia. As.they marched to the station in full equipment they sang Russian marching songs.







http://www.newmarket...rg.uk/lhs8A.htm - account written by Evgenia Chernozatonskya, whose grandfather Mikhail Duzinkevich was one of the officers involved in the military training at Newmarket.









The photograph below appeared in the Birmingham Gazette (Tuesday, 10th June, 1919, p1). The caption reads: RUSSIAN OFFICERS TRAINING IN ENGLAND. A Russian officers' camp has been established at Newmarket, and there are about 300 young Russians in training. They wear a complete khaki uniform of British officer's pattern.


Edited by cmf
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  • 3 weeks later...

Quite right . . . on closer inspection of the photograph, it appears to show an Officer and Other Ranks of the Royal Air Force . . . it just shows how the incorrect description of a photograph can cause confusion for decades!!

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  • 2 months later...

Не он, выяснилось. Коллега сказал, что видел этого полковника-артиллериста на одном групповом ньюмаркетском фото вместе с Кюке.

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  • 1 month later...

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